Here, I am going to provide commentary and examples of the literary devices I defined in my earlier article. Check below for a link! 🤓

📌 Check out these other AP English Literature resources:

       🖥️  Watch AP Lit reviews live every week with Fiveable + 👉 Join today!
       ✍🏻 For definitions of presented terms, click here!

Literary Device List.....

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

⏰  Anachronism: A character in a novel set in the 19th century time travels from the 21st century and brings modern technologies and/or ideas.

  • ⭐️ It is important to understand that many anachronisms unintentionally occur, due to a lack of research from the author. Thus, when analyzing anachronisms, it is important to determine whether it was intentionally done.

💕 Apostrophe: A character/speaker addresses life itself by speaking to it.

  • ⭐️ Apostrophe tends to frequently be found in poetry, although it can also appear in novels and plays. 

📖 Epigraph:  In a novel, typically at the beginning, a quote from another work is printed.

  • ⭐️ Epigraphs may be pulled from a variety of sources. They tend to come from poems, novels, and plays, but could also originate from songs or movies. Interestingly, some epigraphs are printed in another language and translated, as appropriate. 

🖋️ Hubris: A character is warned by an oracle that they will die a destructive death if they do not heed the warning signs. The character does not listen, and is led to their downfall.

  • ⭐️ Hubris tends to predominate in the tragedy genre and in Greek plays, though it does occasionally appear in novels.

📝 Parenthetical phrase/idea: A sentence physically which sets apart important details. 

  • ⭐️ Despite the name, parenthetical phrases/ideas do not need to use parenthesis - it could use dashes.

🎭 Persona: Set by characterization, the story is told by a unique personality.

  • ⭐️ Persona is not the same as the author, as they can hold different views and  perspectives.

🍃 Realism: The hardships of middle-class life are exposed through a novel.

  • ⭐️ Realism helps explore the occurrences of everyday life without idealization.

🌎 Regionalism: A novel takes place in England during the Black Plague. 

  • ⭐️ Regionalism can make a novel difficult to read as vernacular language is usually employed to portray setting.

🌸 Romanticism: The beauty of a novel's environment predominates over the hardships occurring in the region.

  • ⭐️ Romanticism originated after the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment. It focused on idealism and the unconventional, a stark contrast from earlier periods. 

📚 Zeugma: "I lost my keys and my temper."

  • ⭐️ This is grammatically strange and less obvious to spot, unless you are looking for it. As you can see, the sentence above has a defining phrase connecting both parts, making it a representation of zeugma.
Did this answer your question?