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- Click here to check out information about Dark Ages Europe.
- Click here to watch a live stream about the Renaissance.
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- After the first major outbreak Black Death ended (1347-1349), life expectancies became longer.
- People gained an increased interest in the quality of their lives.
- This lead to wealthier classes, like merchants, patronizing art, creating more opportunity for secular subjects.
- Before the Renaissance, life was centered on afterlife concerns.
- Creators were allowed to take credit for their work (artists, architects, scientists, etc.).
- Society moved towards valuing individuals and their ambitious goals.
- Dark Ages society, modeled after the Church, rarely emphasized the individual. Christian Europe was taught to attribute nearly everything to God and his designs.
Classical Interests 📜
- Inspired by Petrarch, Greco-Roman texts, art, and literature regained a high level of respect.
- Much of Renaissance artwork and architecture emulated the classical style, while still incorporating religious subjects.
- Greco-Roman ideas were largely overlooked and would have been rejected in the Dark Ages because of their paganism, which was irreconcilable with The Bible.
- Schooling diversified from the Dark Age canon of language skills and art to encompass classical texts, philosophy, and scientific subjects like astronomy.
- Both Humanists and later Catholic Counter-Reformists (especially orders like the Jesuits) opened universities and other educational centers dedicated to teaching new ideas.
- Schooling also became available to more people, although most still remained illiterate and out of reach.