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  • Click here to check out information about Dark Ages Europe.
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Worldliness 🌍

  • After the first major outbreak Black Death ended (1347-1349), life expectancies became longer.
  • People gained an increased interest in the quality of their lives.
  • This lead to wealthier classes, like merchants, patronizing art, creating more opportunity for secular subjects.
  • Before the Renaissance, life was centered on afterlife concerns.

Individualism☝

  • Creators were allowed to take credit for their work (artists, architects, scientists, etc.). 
  • Society moved towards valuing individuals and their ambitious goals.
  • Dark Ages society, modeled after the Church, rarely emphasized the individual. Christian Europe was taught to attribute nearly everything to God and his designs.

Classical Interests 📜

  • Inspired by Petrarch, Greco-Roman texts, art, and literature regained a high level of respect.
  • Much of Renaissance artwork and architecture emulated the classical style, while still incorporating religious subjects.
  • Greco-Roman ideas were largely overlooked and would have been rejected in the Dark Ages because of their paganism, which was irreconcilable with The Bible.

Learning 📚

  • Schooling diversified from the Dark Age canon of language skills and art to encompass classical texts, philosophy, and scientific subjects like astronomy.
  • Both Humanists and later Catholic Counter-Reformists (especially orders like the Jesuits) opened universities and other educational centers dedicated to teaching new ideas.
  • Schooling also became available to more people, although most still remained illiterate and out of reach.

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