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Introduction of the Train 🚂
- During the first Industrial Revolution (early 1800's), inventors developed the first train.
- Early on, the limited availability of tracks restricted use, as the locomotive could only reach areas with networks.
- Governments solved this problem by commissioning private companies to build extensive railways, resulting in increased connection.
- By the end of the 19th c., England and most of Western Europe had developed thousands of miles of the vein like networks.
Effects of the Train 🏙
- Trains enable large scale cargo shipping across land, which made major cities into manufacturing hotspots.
- The rise in manufacturing created an increased demand for labor. New residents flocked to growing cities, leading to innovation, and, conversely, poor living conditions.
- Railway networks also allowed imperialists greater control of land. Notably, the East India Tea Company introduced railroads to their settlements and expanded control beyond the coastal region, reaping greater profit.