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Metallic solids are one of the four major types of solids you need to know about in AP chemistry. The others are ionic, covalent network, and molecular solids.

The Basics ⚛️

  • Metallic solids are metal atoms held together by metallic bonds.
  • Metallic bonding is the sharing of a bunch of delocalized valence electrons that move freely throughout the solid.
  • The metal atoms have a uniform distribution.

Properties

  • Metallic solids vary a lot when it comes to melting points. Tungsten has the highest melting point at 3422°C, whereas mercury has the lowest at -38.83°C.
  • They are shiny, strong, and malleable.
  • They can conduct electricity because of their delocalized electrons.
  • Adding another element to a metallic solid can form an alloy with new properties.
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