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 Creating an outline of your essays is vital to help you actually stay centralized on your topic while providing everything required. Here are some of my tips for each of the essays:

1️⃣ Synthesis

  • Take a position (defend, challenge, qualify) and figure out which 3-4 of the pieces best support your argument.
  • Write out a basic version of your thesis stating the arguments which you will use each piece of evidence to support.
  • For each body paragraph, come up with your own point to your argument, and then use the sources to further back up your own ideas--not simply using the sources as an argument.
  • In your conclusion, add a brief counterargument possibly addressing one of the pieces of evidence not supporting your argument, and discuss why it is wrong.

2️⃣  Rhetorical Analysis 

  • It helps to write the Title, Author, and Genre of the piece in your outline so that you won't forget to include the information in the introduction (I forgot this many times because I didn't think to add it in my outline). ✍️
  • Pinpoint the specific audience of the piece, and write down HOW the author's moves are meant to persuade that audience. 🎯
  • Each section of the outline should be a rhetorical move. You won't want to discuss each move chronologically if you want to impress the scorers and get yourself a five. 🖐️
  • Think of an outcome or situation spurred by the author's piece and its impact on the world to add to your conclusion.

3️⃣ Argument

  • Just like the synthesis, take a position to keep throughout the essay.
  • Think of the key points that you want to support your position and then some varying pieces of evidence you could use to support it. ✍️ 
  • Once you know the points you want to make, write down a rough version of your thesis statement, so you don't get caught up when you start writing.
  • Think of a counterargument and a possible flaw in the reasoning to add in before or during your conclusion.

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