Here’s a few quick resources: 

AP World Period 6- World Wars and Decolonization - YouTube Video 

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The Basics 

  1. There were 4 main long term causes aside from the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand that contributed to the outbreak of WW1 
  2. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the “spark” that caused the eruption of the tensions brought on by the long term causes.


The four MAIN long term causes of WW1 can be remembered in the simple acronym MAIN. 

M- Militarism aka the aggressive military preparedness that celebrates warfare. Germany and Great Britain spent large sums of money on military expansion due to bitter rivalry. Countries all throughout Europe focused on growing military strength to assert dominance over each other. 

A- Alliances Nations secretly promised to protect one another if the other was targeted. The two main pre-war alliances were the Triple Entente (Russia, Britain, France) and the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy) 

I- Imperialism Western European superpowers owned colonies in Asia and Africa which were big sources of wealth. They competed with each other for global colonial-dominance. 

N- Nationalism aka a sense of pride based around a common culture, place of origin, language, etc. Single country and multinational empires began growing prideful of their respective nations which fueled the rise in the other three principles stated above. 

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